The process of biotechnology that works in the medical field to improve healthcare using organisms is considered as red biotechnology. It focuses on the pharmaceutical industry and the medical sector.
Red Biotechnology has an important role to play in the field of health-based medicines produced by various branches of modern biotechnology playing an effective role in their respective fields.
Red biotechnology in particular deals with important tasks such as clinical research and testing, gene therapy and diagnosis.
The development of various drugs and the diagnosis of diseases with the help of genetic engineering is indeed a matter of great fortune for us. In addition to this, the development of various disease resistant and preventive vaccines, its important impact in the fields of cancer research, veterinary medicine, production of biochips, poultry farming is another strength points.
|Application of Red Biotech
There are innumerous diseases in the world. Some are diagnosed with common drugs whereas some are very serious in nature and can be fatal. In this way, genetic testing can identify genes and cure them with relevant drugs and treatments.
Genetic testing can provide important information for diagnosing, treating, and preventing disease. However, scientists have not been able to reach a consensus on the subject of DNA testing.
Nonetheless, it also makes possible to diagnose serious and complex patients, including gender, prenatal diagnostic screening, neonatal screening, and forensic and identification tests. Genetic testing is not necessary to treat all types of patients.
When something goes wrong with our genes, we fall sick. Gene therapy is the technique used to correct such defective genes under red biotechnology. Defective genes are corrected by adding new genes to the patient’s cells.
It plays an important role in the treatment of many types of diseases such as cancer, cystic fibrosis, heart disease, diabetes and AIDS. Gene therapy has two basic implementations such as ex vivo (external) which is conducted external parts of the body, and in vivo (internal) which is conducted internal.
We often treat patients of the same traits with similar medications. Some are cured and some are not affected. This means that a person’s genetic inheritance causes their body to respond to drugs and medications. Pharmacogenomics is the method of studying the role of genomes in drug response.
Pharmacogenomics has very significant roles in the field of biotechnology applications as the development of drugs, determining the appropriate dosage of drugs, drugs discovery, approval of those drugs, and the vaccines inventions.
The biopharmaceutical term denotes the medicinal products manufactured through a series of chemical synthesis such as sugars, proteins, nucleic acids or tissues extracted from living organisms.
Biopharmaceuticals are structurally similar to human compounds in that way they do not react as chemically as traditional pharmaceutical drugs. Patients suffering from problems like cancer, diabetes, heart disease benefit from such biopharmaceuticals.
Such drugs are given in connection with the patient’s particular gene; diagnose the disease without side effects. Today, its use and popularity have spread rapidly.